(Stacker) — Do you know the official symbols of the State of California?
Each US state has its own culture, history and natural beauty. To represent such diversity, the people of these states have chosen their own set of symbols and customs. Flags, songs, mottoes, flowers and even specific fruits commemorate the uniqueness of each state. Some of these symbols border on the strange: Texas, for example, has made the Dutch oven its official cooking pot. Other symbols are more universal, such as state birds.
Many people remember learning about their state’s history in elementary school. But can you still remember your state bird? How about your state flower? To test your knowledge of the state, Stacker has compiled a list of California symbols.
The answers are listed at the bottom of the article.
California state fish
Hint (freshwater): California is the Golden State, and the name of this fish incorporates both the state’s proper name and its nickname. Once found only in a few cold streams on the Kern River, Hatcheries have now greatly expanded its range.
Clue (Saltwater): This bright orange damselfish fish was named after a 19th century Italian military and political figure. These fish ply the subtropical waters of the Pacific Ocean around the central coast of California down to Baja California.
California state mammals
Hint: California has two officially designated mammals. The state marine mammal is a shellfish-eating animal that can reach a length of 50 feet. The official state animal is a large mammal so identified with the state that it is named after California and appears on the state flag.
California State Song
Hint: It was not a Californian, but a Canadian who wrote the official song of the Golden State. Immigrant Francis Silverwood wrote the lyrics and composed the song with Orpheum Theater Orchestra director Abraham Frankenstein in 1913. Silverwood also opened the Silverwood clothing store, which has long been an iconic downtown shopping destination from Los Angeles.
California state bug
This species is endemic to California. It is named after the pattern of its blue, orange, or yellow wings, each of which vaguely resembles the profile of a poodle.
California State Trees
California has two state trees, two botanical giants from the same subfamily (meaning they are closely related on the evolutionary tree). The former grows in rainy areas at lower elevations along the coast and can live for over a thousand years, while the latter grows at higher elevations along the Sierra Nevada mountains and requires a longer trek from some tourists.
California state bird
This bird is a bit of a dandy, with a distinctive black plume on its forehead. The look suits the state famous for show business.
California State Flower
California may be a big state, but its state flower can be as small as 2 inches. It can also be named the flame flower, la amapola or copa de oro, the latter meaning “cup of gold”. The native peoples of California found the flower to be an important resource, taking advantage of it for food and oil; the flower is also quite drought resistant.
California State Fish: California golden trout (freshwater), Garibaldi (saltwater)
California State Mammal: California Grizzly Bear, Gray Whale
California State Song: “I Love You, California”
California State Insect: California Dog’s-head Moth (Zerene eurydice)
California State Tree: Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum)
California State Bird: California Valley Quail
California State Flower: California Poppy
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